nix study abroad

What is the difference between MBBS, BDS, BAMS, and BHMS


Any aspirant student who wishes to study MBBS abroad and become a doctor chooses science. With a special focus on Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects after 10th grade. So, naturally, MBBS is the first thing that comes to every student’s mind.

With limited knowledge, most students assume there is only an MBBS course to choose from. But there is more than just MBBS that can make you a doctor.

Other courses to be a doctor is available which include MBBS-BDS-BAMS and BHMS. 

So, it is nice to know the types of medical courses, their syllabus and future career before choosing the right one.

Through this blog, we will help you make the right decision by explaining the different types of medical courses and the difference between MBBS-BDS-BAMS and BHMS.

What is the full form of MBBS, BDS, BAMS and BHMS?

MBBS: The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine. It is the most predominant medical course for undergraduate students is MBBS.

BDS: The full form of BDS is Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is among the most popular medical degree for dentistry. It is the second sought-after course after MBBS.

BAMS: Another note-worthy course is the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery. This medical course is designed for students who wish to learn about the traditional medicine of the Indian system – Ayurveda.

BHMS: The full form of BHMS is the Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. This particular course covers a whole aspect of medical knowledge of homoeopathic.

What is the course duration of MBBS-BDS-BAMS and BHMS?

Duration of MBBS: Bachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine is a major undergraduate course to become a doctor. Since it develops students from scratch, it consists of a 6-year MBBS course. Although some countries conduct a 5-year course. These courses come with a compulsory internship to get hands-on experience.

Duration of BDS: Like MBBS, even BDS consists of a 6-year course including an internship but come countries and universities complete the course in 5 years. BDS courses can be undertaken full-time as well as part-time.

Duration of BAMS: Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery completes its course in 5y ears to 6 years. This degree programme includes a year of the compulsory internship programme with hands-on practical training.

Duration of BHMS: This course of Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery is completed within 5.5 -years containing a year of the internship programme. They provide live practical training and 4.5 years of academic sessions.

What are the career opportunities for MBBS, BDS, BAMS and BHMS?

There is a wide range of career options after MBBS like speciality doctor, physician, or surgeon. There is also other fields where you can practice medicine like research scientists and even a medical professor or lecturer.

A career after BDS has its limits but within the field, there are a variety of specialities. The Bachelor of Dental Surgery programme will open doors to a career like a dentist and a dental and oral surgeon. Other types of dental careers are endodontic, oral and maxillofacial pathologist, orthodontic, and pedodontics, to name a few.

After BAMS, an individual can get involved in several medical lines such as a pharmacist, ayurvedic doctor and clinical trial coordinator. Other non-medical fields is also available such as sales representative or executive, therapist, medical representative etc.

A career after BHMS leads an individual into several field in medicine such as being a pharmacist, public health specialist, lecturer, medical assistant, etc.

What are the top Indian medical colleges for MBBS, BDS, BAMS, and BHMS?

Top MBBS colleges in India

Top BDS colleges in India

Top BAMS colleges in India

Top BHMS colleges in India

What are the higher education options after MBBS, BDS, BAMS and BHMS?

There are several higher education options after MBBS, BDS, BAMS and BHMS. Post MBBS, you can apply for MS which is a postgraduate in general surgery or MD, a postgraduate in general medicine. Similar to sitting for NEET-UG, you have to appear for the NEET-PG.

After completing your BDS, a Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) is the next step in pursuing dentistry. For this, you need to sit for an AIPGDEE entrance exam (All India Post Graduate Dental Entrance Exam) which is a national-level exam.

You can go for an MD or MS after completing BAMS. The graduates can also pursue other medical disciplines. Some of the best options include a master’s in public health, a master’s in health administration, and post graduate diploma in emergency medicine. 

The popular higher education option after BHMS is MD in Homeopathy. There are other options after graduating from BHMS like the master of science in regenerative medicine, master of science in psychiatry, master of science in endocrinology and master of hospital management.


It depends upon what profession you want to get into. While MBBS is an overall study of humans, BDS only focuses on a certain part of the body. It is the study of dental health. BDS can be a suitable course if you wish to focus on one field and specialise in this area from the start.

BAMS and BHMS, both have a competitive salary package. However, due to the popularity of ayurvedic in India, it has a better salary package. You can expect a starting salary package of INR. 40,000 to Rs. 60,000 per month.

The graduates of BAMS cannot do major surgeries. But they are taught to perform abscess draining, surgical excision, OT procedures etc.

Get Free Counselling

Search Blog

Recent Blogs

Share Blog