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What Are Indian Students’ Best Career Options After MBBS Abroad?

For quality education, global healthcare exposure, and fierce competition for medical seats in India, many Indian students study abroad for MBBS. The career landscape after graduation can be unnerving, leaving these students needing clarification on their next steps. The rapidly changing medical field requires these graduates to adapt and pursue careers they enjoy.

Indian Students MBBS Abroad Options

MBBS programs allow Indian students to live abroad, use cutting-edge medical technology, and work in various clinical settings. Russia, Ukraine, China, the Philippines, and the Caribbean have high educational standards and low tuition.

Over 1.5 million Indians take the NEET exam yearly, and only 83,075 MBBS seats are available (National Medical Commission data for 2021). This disparity encourages students to study MBBS abroad.

Many believe getting an MBBS abroad limits career options, especially in India. Most of this is untrue. After passing the Foreign Medical Graduate Examination (FMGE) or the National Exit Test (NExT, intended to replace FMGE), foreign MBBS graduates can practice in India. The growing healthcare sector offers many opportunities worldwide for licensing exam graduates.

FMGE pass rate (December 2022 session) was 34.2%, indicating the challenge and rising number of students aspiring to practice in India. The WHO predicts a $10 trillion healthcare market by 2022, requiring trained workers. Read more about career options after 12th science PCB other than MBBS.

Career Options After MBBS Abroad

1. Postgraduate Studies

PG in India

Indian students with foreign MBBS degrees must pass the FMGE or the National Exit Test to practice or study in India. They can then take the NEET-PG to enter Indian postgraduate medical programs.

The annual NEET-PG entrance exam is fiercely competitive. Admission to many MD, MS, and PG Diploma programs in India requires it.

Indian postgraduates can specialize, improving their knowledge and job prospects. Practice in their home country and contribute to healthcare with international experience.

Residency in the USA

Steps to Take USMLE Exams:

USMLE Step 1: Basic medical sciences, usually taken after MBBS year 2.

USMLE Step 2 CK (Clinical Knowledge) tests final-year MBBS clinical knowledge. 

USMLE Step 2 CS, suspended in 2021 and reevaluated, evaluates clinical skills through patient interactions.

After the first year of US residency, the USMLE Step 3 unsupervised exam tests medical knowledge and patient management.

US residency programs allow Indian graduates to specialize in various medical fields after passing the USMLE.

PG in the UK through PLAB

PLAB Exam Process:

PLAB 1: 180 multiple-choice written questions testing medical knowledge.

PLAB 2: A multi-station OSCE to assess clinical skills.

The IELTS/OET English language proficiency exam and an MBBS degree are required for PLAB exams.

Opportunities: Indian MBBS graduates who pass the PLAB exams can study for postgraduate degrees in the UK, leading to GMC registration and UK medical practice.

PG in New Zealand and Other Countries:

Doctors from abroad must pass the NZREX Clinical to practice in New Zealand. It assesses clinical skills.

Other countries: Indian MBBS graduates can study or practice medicine in many countries if they meet their licensing requirements. For example, Germany requires Approbation, Canada has the MCCQE, and Australia has the AMC exams.

Depending on the person’s career goals, preferred country of practice, and ability to meet licensing requirements, they can choose from various pathways with different opportunities and challenges.

2. Alternative Career Paths

Medical Teaching and Research

Academic medical instructors, researchers, and professors are good jobs for MBBS graduates. Medical schools and universities worldwide seek medical science teachers. Research institutions and pharmaceutical companies develop drugs, conduct clinical trials, and innovate medicine.

Medical Education Masters are available to teachers. Those interested in research may pursue a PhD or participate in groundbreaking medical research.

Hospital Administration

Complex healthcare delivery requires hospital and healthcare facility administrators. MBBS graduates can improve patient care, manage clinical operations, and comply with regulations with clinical knowledge.

An MBA in Healthcare Management or MHA can help MBBS graduates learn management, finance, and organizational behaviour for healthcare leadership.

Biomedical Engineering and Biological Sciences

Medicine and Engineering: Combining engineering with medical and biological sciences advances healthcare technology. Innovative MBBS graduates can create medical devices, prosthetics, and diagnostics.

Research and development, clinical engineering, and medical technology innovation are possible with biomedical engineering master’s and doctoral degrees. Healthcare tech startups, hospitals, labs, and medical device companies hire graduates.

Clinical Pathology and Other Specializations

Specialized Fields: Clinical pathology diagnoses disease using blood, tissue, and other bodily fluid tests. Disease management and study of causes and treatments require it.

Career Direction: Postgraduate degrees in clinical pathology, radiology, dermatology, or paediatrics are available to MBBS graduates. These specializations allow doctors to specialize in specific fields but require additional training and certification.

Opportunities: Specialists work in hospitals, private practices, research institutions, and academia. They enhance patient care, medical knowledge, and outcomes.

Each alternative career path lets MBBS graduates use their medical education in rewarding ways outside clinical practice. You can impact healthcare and related industries through research or direct entry.

Best Post-MBBS Courses Abroad

1. Master of Public Health (MPH)

MPH programs foster public health policies, practices, and prevention. Epidemiology, public health, and community and global health are taught. Health policy advisors, epidemiologists, public health officers, and international health organizations.

2. Master of Hospital Administration (MHA)

Graduates of this program are equipped to manage healthcare organizations and hospitals—leadership roles in hospitals, healthcare administration, and management firms.

3. MBA in Healthcare Management

Healthcare management MBAs prepare graduates for top management positions by combining industry knowledge with business and management principles. Pharmaceutical project manager, executive, healthcare finance manager, and management consultant.

4. Clinical, preventive, non-invasive cardiology fellowship

Heart care diagnosis, treatment, and prevention are covered in this fellowship. Clinicians, hospitals, and cardiac rehabilitation facilities employ cardiologists. They practice preventive cardiology.

5. Diploma in Emergency Medicine

This program trains doctors for emergency rooms by teaching them how to treat urgent conditions. Hospital, trauma, and emergency room emergency medicine specialist.

6. Medical Science and Technology Masters

Engineering, technology, biomedical research, medical technology development, and clinical applications comprise MMST. Biomedical engineer, equipment manufacturer, researcher, and medical technology developer.

7. Diploma in Health Informatics

Health informatics gathers, stores, retrieves, and uses medical data to enhance communication between patients and providers. Clinical informatics manager, health informatics specialist, and healthcare IT.

8. Certificate in Medical Writing

In this program, students write clinical research documents, regulatory submissions, journals, news, and healthcare website content. Pharmaceutical companies, medical journals, associations, and healthcare websites hire medical writers.

9. Advance Clinical Research Diploma

Students study clinical research, regulations, ethics, and trial methods to prepare for expanding professions. Coordinators and associates for clinical research are employed by pharma, biotech, and CROs.

10. Medical Field Specialization Certificates

Dermatology, paediatrics, oncology, and other specialization certificates let MBBS graduates pursue their interests. Hospitals, private practices, and medical schools have speciality doctors. These courses after an MBBS can boost a graduate’s knowledge, employability, and ability to improve diverse healthcare settings.

There are several career options in the USA after MBBS in India.


Indian students with MBBS degrees abroad have many clinical and healthcare career options. There are options for postgraduate study in India, US residency programs, and additional UK or New Zealand education. Those with an MBBS can also pursue fascinating careers in clinical pathology, biomedical engineering, hospital administration, and medical teaching and research.

After completing an MBBS abroad, medical graduates can enhance their career prospects by obtaining an MPH, MHA, MBA in Healthcare Management, and diplomas in various specializations. Graduates can use their medical knowledge in public health, hospital management, healthcare technology, and more with these qualifications.

You must consider all your options and make informed decisions at a career crossroads. Consider your interests, healthcare goals, and lifestyle. The path from MBBS to a fulfilling career depends on your goals.

Deepen your research, seek mentorship, and talk to experts in your field. Your post-MBBS path is a canvas waiting for your mark.


Answer: After completing an MBBS abroad, Indian doctors must pass the FMGE or National Exit Test (NExT, proposed to replace FMGE). After passing this exam, Indian doctors receive registration certificates from the NMC.

Answer: US residency after MBBS requires USMLE steps 1 and 2. Independent practice after residency requires USMLE Step 3. Applying for residency positions also requires ECFMG certification.

Answer: Postgraduate degrees can boost your skills and open up specialized career paths, but they are not the only route to success. Hospital administration, medical research, teaching, and healthcare management are rewarding.

Answer: Specializing in clinical pathology or another field usually requires a postgraduate degree. Residential or specialized training and NEET-PG or similar entrance exams in India or abroad are required.

Answer: Hospital administration, public health, medical writing, informatics, biomedical engineering, and healthcare management are non-clinical careers. MBAs in Healthcare Management, MPHs, and health informatics diplomas can advance your career.

Answer: Study in the UK, New Zealand, or elsewhere after MBBS. Language proficiency and licensing exams like the UK PLAB or NZREX for New Zealand may be required.

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